Sint Maarten is one of the three Windward Islands located in the former Netherlands Antilles. While Dutch ‘Sint Maarten’ encompasses 40% of the southern part of the island, the northern 60% of the island, known as ‘Saint Martin’, constitutes the French overseas collectivity.
St. Maarten is home to a diverse range of landforms. On the southern side of the island, you’ll find lush mountainous regions rising from white sandy beaches while on the western side of the island you’ll find lagoons and salt flats. The highest peak on the entire island is Pic Paradis or Paradise Peak, whose summit reaches an altitude of 424 meters.
Saint Martin has an array of varying landscapes ranging from coastal lowlands to mountainous highlands. The variety in landscape results in the many different types of soils on the island such as reddish clay-like soil, stony and shallow soil, and rich and fertile soil near the coast.
Table of Contents
Sint Maarten is located in the northern hemisphere, between the Tropic of Cancer and the Equator.
The entire island of Saint Martin occupies an area of 87 km2 (34 sq. mi.). The island consists mostly of mountains and hills that lead into lower plains such as beaches and salt lagoons.
The mountains of St. Maarten and their elevations are listed below.
The plains in Sint Maarten are listed below.
The rivers in Saint Martin are listed below.
Many watersport activities are available along these rivers such as kayaking, paddle boarding, jet skiing, wakeboarding, etc.
Saint Martin has a lot of dry forests that line the coast and are scattered throughout the island. Larger forests are located mostly in the highlands of French Saint Martin.
The forests in Saint Martin are listed below.
St. Maarten is known for its mountainous terrain with hills that roll down into the beaches along the forest-covered coastlines. The highest peak is Paradise Peak which is 424 meters high. The western part of the country is flatter near the lowlands and grows in elevation towards the northeast of the island.
Saint Martin is also home to many lagoons and salt basins, such as the Simpson Bay lagoon, located in Simpson Bay, and the Great Salt Pond, located in Phillipsburg.
In Saint Martin, there are various types of soil depending on the region of the island.
The three main types of soil in Sint Maarten are listed below.
The average altitude of Sint Maarten is from 20-60 meters above sea level.
The highest peak of the region is Pic Paradis or Paradise Peak, whose summit reaches an altitude of 424 meters.
This mountain is very popular among tourists, the peak can be reached either by car or by taxi. Some choose to park at the local Loterie Farm that can be found at the base of the mountain and walk 10-15 minutes to the summit.
St. Maarten’s coastline spans about 70km. There are 37 different beaches are along the incredibly scenic coast that are known to be some of the best snorkeling spots in the Caribbean.
There are numerous salt ponds found on the island of Saint Martin, these salt ponds are around 3 meters above sea level.
The most popular salt ponds in Saint Martin are listed below.
St. Maarten has many hills and mountains that lead into salt lagoons. During the late 1800s and early 1900s, the salt from these pools of water was the main source of commerce in St. Maarten.
Sint Maarten’s interior parts are mostly hilly and slope downwards to coastal lagoons, sand spits, and salt pans.
This geographical feature leads to the following three effects listed below.
The location of Saint Martin within the Caribbean Sea has greatly contributed to the culture of the island.
The main ways the geography of Saint Martin has influenced the culture of Saint Martin are listed below.
The islands close to Sint Maarten are listed below.
The island of St. Maarten and St. Martin is a beautiful island in the Caribbean and is partly Dutch territory and partly French territory. On this website we have every bit of information you need to know about this wonderful place in the middle of the Caribbean Sea!